Common Ground California

Author Archive: LindaJackson

Self Defense Law: Know The Basics

It"s quite scary to find yourself caught in a situation when somebody attacks you from nowhere. You become panicky and you find yourself thinking whether you should fight back or just give up. This is when self-defense comes in which can save your life but, as we know, law is complicated and there some things that you need to know with regard to self-defense.

The Basics:


Self-defense laws can vary from state to state so it"s necessary for you to do some research to be informed about it. For most laws though, you are only allowed to use the same amount of force your attacker did to you.For example, if someone slapped you on the face, it"s wrong to choke him or her until he or she dies.

You"re only allowed to use deadly force if you feel that your attacker is trying to kill you. For instance, if someone has a gun to your head and you kill them by self-defense just before they pull the trigger, you"re justified.

For more details, check out the short video below:

An Introduction To Criminal Law

There are different kinds of law existing today but the one that we"ll put some focus on Criminal Law. Law is complicated and if you"re involved in a crime, it gets more confusing.

Here are the basics of Criminal Law:


Mens Rea & Actus Reus

Mens Rea is Latin for “Guilty mind“. To commit a crime you need to have a particular state of mind. You have to act with a guilty at the exact time of the crime.

Actus Reus means criminal act. You can"t commit a crime without doing anything. But, if the crime was not successful it"s called an attempt. An attempt involves two factors: a guilty mind and the act.

6 Reasons Why You Need A Business Lawyer

Most people who have a good idea and not have a lot of cash to start thinking about hiring lawyers immediately. It"s because they feel it"s expensive and can come later in the process when there is something to lose. This is because lawyers are most often associated with those moments when things would go wrong, rather than help things go on the right direction. Here are the top eight reasons why you should hire a lawyer for your business:

  1. bind

    Attorneys can make recommendations on the appropriate type of business that your business would best benefit from and build their articles of incorporation. Incorporation creates a very important legal separation between you (individual or individuals within the business) and the business you are starting.

  2. A lawyer can help finance your business. Financing always poses legal problems due to the mixture of personal and business funds. A company lawyer can help with the funds structure, negotiate the role of investors, and protect you as the primary force of the company.
  3. If your business must have intentions of issuing shares or even go public, your attorney can start laying the groundwork for the incorporation and the issuance of shares. Your attorney will ensure that each founding member contributes to the business and create a vesting schedule.
  4. A business lawyer can create a partnership agreement that is fair and legally rigid to protect all interests from the beginning. Just relying on a “handshake" to start a business can create problems in the future as memories fade and emotions come into play. Having a power of attorney document and create a formal agreement is the best way to not only avoid problems but keep friends as money comes into play.
  5. Employment law is a subset of business law and carries its own set of considerations. Having an attorney facilitate obtaining adequate numbers of IRS workers employed, establish protocols work authorization, and create agreements with employees is vital to keep your business on track and in the right direction. The last thing any new business needs is an audit by the IRS for potential wrong-doing.
  6. Protecting your intellectual property and brand is vital to the life of your business. Each year, Customs issues a list of counterfeit items seized at borders and is more than 600 billion dollars.


If you want to know more about how business law works, check the video below: